Harvest Festival Tea Ceremony

Hello everyone! SJA will be holding a Harvest Festival Tea Ceremony in conjunction with Omotesenke Domonkai Eastern Region USA. It will be held at the side garden of the First Presbyterian Church, Arlington (601 N Vermont Street, Arlington) from 2pm to 4pm on October 17th. It is an all ages event, but those ages 10 and younger will need a parent or guardian present. If you’d like to join us, register here! Or, scan the QR code on the flyer and use that to register! Hope to see you there 😀

Guest Blogger Feature- What is DO/DOU (道)?

Hi! I am Minako who is Japanese person but attends a college in America as an international student. In this blog, I would like to introduce Do or DOU, which is unique concept lives in Japanese tradition.

  1. What is DO?

If you are familiar with Japanese culture, you may have heard the word of DO and/or DOU before, but what does it mean and how it would work? Even though I came from Japan, explaining the concept of Do is difficult in fact. Generally, DOU would refer to the practice for pursing one’s own field and it usually takes long time. Sometimes this is misunderstood that everyone who practices Do just need to gain skills and acquire techniques (waza 技) like getting academic degree as a proof of the completion; however, this way of thinking is incorrect. In fact, he people who train DOU ask to respect the way of life and its spirit. 

*For the spelling in English, it may be able to use both Do and DOU for the concept of 道

  1. Different Types of DOU
  1.  Artistic DO 

It is generally called as geido (芸道) or Shizuka-naru Do (静なる道) in Japanese, and the word is usually used for Japanese traditional performing/fine arts. Practitioners do not simply train themselves for acquiring the form (kata 型), actions, artistic skills, and the manners, but also practice for pursing the perfect beauty as long as they can. In other words, this is the endless spiritual discipline. 

屋内, テーブル, カップ, 座る が含まれている画像

自動的に生成された説明
  1. SADO/CHADO (茶道・茶の湯) [English: The Tea Ceremony]

Cha (茶) or tea in English was brought from China to Japan originally as a medicine about a thousand year ago. Tea cultivation spread across Japan, and tea-drinking became to be common in the ruling classes of warriors (samurai 侍) in the Muromachi (室町) period [13th century]. Since having a good communication between host and guest(s) became significant, manners (saho 作法) were formulated as a result. Eventually, tea master named chajin/茶人 in Japanese which includes famous person known as Sen no Rikyu (Japanese: 千利休) created the Tea Ceremony (Sadou/Chadou 茶道) based on the ideas of Harmony, Respect, Purity and Tranquility (wa-kei-sei-zyaku 和敬静寂). However, it is also true that various schools of the rea ceremonies have been founded before, during and after the time of Sen no Rikyu in fact. Another famous and important part of Japanese tea ceremony is the spirit of elegant rusticity (wabi わび) and anyone regardless of their social status should keep in mind on humbleness (koudou 講道). 

花の絵が描かれた絵

低い精度で自動的に生成された説明
  1. KADO/IKEBANA (華道・いけばな) 

[English: The Art of Japanese Flower Arrangement]

It was originated in the 6th century when Buddhist Monk offered flowers to the Buddha, but this type of flower arrangement has become to be popular in Japan since the 16th century. Practitioners believe Ikebana gives life and meaning to flowers arranged in the vase. It is important to formulate a triangular by positioning Heaven (Ten 天), Earth (Chi 地) and Human being (Jin 人) to show and express the harmony between humans and nature. Same as the Tea Ceremony, there are so many different schools in Japanese Flower Arrangement today.

おもちゃ, 立つ, 持つ, 小さい が含まれている画像

自動的に生成された説明
  1. SHODO (書道) [English: The Art of Japanese Calligraphy]

Japanese calligraphy (Shodo 書道) is the art of words by using a dipped writing brush (fude 筆) with black ink (sumi 墨) that is made from an inkstone (suzuri 硯). Japanese calligraphy was originally come from China, and a lot of Japanese people are familiar with this type of calligraphy in nowadays. However, people need to practice hard for being an expert and/or a calligrapher (shoka 書家) who gain classical calligraphy techniques that different from modern Japanese writing style and enable to write/perform that reflects to the form of artistic writing named sho (書). 

カップ, 座る, テーブル が含まれている画像

自動的に生成された説明
  1. KOH-DO (香道) [English: The Art of Appreciating Incense]

Unlike the tea ceremony, Japanese flower arrangement and calligraphy, Koh-Do (香道) is not known in general for not just the only for foreigners, but also among Japanese people (I honestly have not known this one until recent time). As implied by the art of appreciating incense, this is Japanese traditional art culture which enjoys the incense by burning the fragrant wood (Koh-Boku 香木). It was formulated in the Muromachi (室町) era [13th century] when the tea ceremony and Japanese flower arrangement became to be popular among people. There are categorized in two separate sectors called Mon-Koh (蘭香) which enjoys the aroma of incense for spiritual elevation and incense- identifying game (Kumi-Koh 組香). Since guests are sometimes asked to present the theme based on either Japanese classical poems or literature works, knowledge of literature would be a key element for enjoying the tradition as well.

  1.  BUDO (武道) Japanese Traditional Sports 

According to the Japanese Budo Association, they defined the term of Budo (武道) [Japanese Traditional Sports] as “a form of Japanese physical culture that has its origins in the ancient tradition of bushido (武士道) – literally, ‘the way of the warrior’” in 2014. The association also describes Budo includes Judo (柔道), Kendo (剣道), Kyudo (弓道), Sumou (相撲), Karatedo (空手道), Aikido (合気道), Shorinji-Kempo (少林寺拳法), Naginata (なぎなた), and Jukendo (銃剣道). I would specifically like to focus on Judo (柔道), Kendo (剣道), Kyudo (弓道), Karatedo (空手道), Aikido (合気道), Naginata (なぎなた) as well as Iai (居合) in the blog.

  1. Kyudo (弓道)

Like Archery, target is shot by using a pair of the bow (yumi 弓) and arrow (ya 矢) in Kyudo (弓道).  Both bows and arrows have been used in Japan since the Paleolithic time, and utilized in Japanese traditional religious culture called Shinto (神道) as well as developed as a weapon by warriors or the samurai (侍). The same as the other types of DO/DOU (道), the practitioners (Kyudoka 弓道家) train their skills and techniques not just the only for striking the target (mato 的), but also to pursue the beauty and try to maintain the bow-drawing posture. 

円

低い精度で自動的に生成された説明
  1. Kendo (剣道)

Kendo (剣道) is one of popular Budo (武道) in Japan. It had developed from Japanese fencing game that uses bamboo swords (shinai竹刀), and unified rules were formulated by the end of the Edo (江戸) era [19th century].  Kendo (剣道) practitioner wears a face guard (men 面), gauntlets (kote 小手), breastplate (doh 胴) and flap/throat protector (tare 垂れ) for protecting their face and body. According to the one person who is the expert of Kendo (剣道), winning a game is not only significant portion, instead, respect an opponent is more important than a victory. Crouching which is called sonkyo in Japanese practices the above sprit and philosophy because the players need to do this before and after the competition. Furthermore, shouting with a clear voice (hassei 発声) is necessary at the moment of a strike (datotsu 打突) as well as showing awareness (zanshin 残心) is required right after the strike for getting a valid point (yuko 有効) during the game. 

暗い, 自転車, ペア, スポーツゲーム が含まれている画像

自動的に生成された説明
  1. Judo (柔道)

Judo (柔道) would be the world most famous Budo (武道) in these days because it is appeared in the Olympics game and many people enjoy this across the globe. Judo (柔道) was formally created by Kano Jigoro (Japanese: 嘉納 治五郎) in 1882 based on Jujutsu (柔術) which enables to defend a body only by using bare hands. In the competition, a practitioner (judo-ka 柔道家) should respect their opponent anytime during the game. It is known as the philosophy of the sport that “Judo (柔道) begins and ends with courtesy.” Kosei Inoue (Japanese: 井上 康生) who is an expert of Judo (柔道) and an Olympic gold medalist says, “I could not only nurture physical strength – needless to say – but also learn the importance of respecting people and cooperation.”

シャツ が含まれている画像

自動的に生成された説明
  1. Karatedo (空手道)

Karatedo (空手道), which has been recently approved as the competing sport for the Olympic game, was rooted in Okinawa (沖縄) with influenced by kenpo material art from China. Since the numbers of Okinawan practitioners (karate-ka 空手家) began to introduce this sport across Japan from the late 1910s, Karatedo (空手道) becomes to be known as one of Japanese traditional sports today. As some of the other DOU, there are various schools in Japan. Karatedo (空手道) asks trainers to use every part of the body to protect themselves by using the basic techniques (kihon 基本) which include punching (tsuki 突き), kicking (keri 蹴り) and maintain the form (kata 型). The comparative match with an opponent is called kumite (組み手) in Japanese which is applied to use the combination of the above techniques. Although Karatedo (空手道) is somehow seems to be Judo (柔道), there is a demonstration of a series of techniques (Enbu 演武) unlike Judo (柔道) that is often shown before the competition. As implied by this, repeating practices would be a key component of Karatedo (空手道) as well.

  1. Aikido (合気道)

Aikido (合気道) was created by Morihei Ueshiba (Japanese: 植芝 盛平) as a modern material art. It is crucial to know that Aikido (合気道) focuses much more on practice itself instead of competing one another. Because of this, many people regardless of their ages, genders, national origins and among others enjoy the sport together. Aikido (合気道) had been introduced to the world since 1950s, and it expanded to more than 100 countries across the globe by 2018. 

おもちゃ, 人形, 部屋 が含まれている画像

自動的に生成された説明
  1. Naginata (なぎなた)

In Naginata (なぎなた), there are two major ways of the competitions: practical match and showing the demonstration. Like Kendo (剣道), two individuals or a group of people competing with the opponent in the practical match. For the demonstration, it is conducted by two players like the practical match, and referees judge it based on the correctness of the forms and actions. 

おもちゃ, 人形, 持つ, 選手 が含まれている画像

自動的に生成された説明
  1. Iai (居合) [Pronounce: E-I]

In the middle of 16th century, Jinsuke Hayashizaki (Japanese: 林崎 甚助) worked hard to restore nearly lost material art. After this, many schools were born, and numbers of forms (kata 型) were developed in the next century (Edo Era 江戸時代). Because of the origin as shown above, Iai (居合) is Japanese traditional material art based on the sudden/accidental confrontation between the people with having their own sword in the past eras. It had often turned into the fight immediately after swordsmen stay or seat nearby. To avoid potential conflicts, forms (kata 型) were formulated, and these have been incorporated into swordsmanship (kenjutsu 剣術) as well as a combat skill called taijutsu (体術) for protecting the body. 

  

おもちゃ, 人形 が含まれている画像

自動的に生成された説明

  

Thank you for reading by the end of the blog! I appreciate your time for reading the entire article while this blog would be a little longer than some other ones. Even if you cannot read the whole blog, I hope some parts of the blog would be helpful or enable to motivate you to learn more for Japan and its culture. In case you are interested in Japanese culture and/or would like to get more information for DO/DOU (道), I highly recommend to view this website since there are a lot of videos that introduce Japanese culture and it is so informative as well as user friendly. Lastly, I would like to thank Study Japanese in Arlington [SJA] for allowing me to be a guest blogger. Although it is the first time for me to write the blog, I could enjoy every part of the writing process and gain more knowledge of DO/DOU (道) throughout blogging. Hopefully, I will be able to interact with the organization again in the future!

Sources

DOU|Is Japan Cool? All Nippon Airways [ANA],  https://www.ana-cooljapan.com/contents/dou/. Accessed 11 May 2021.

“The Definition of Budo.” ©2014 The Japanese Budo Association, The Definition of Budō|ENGLISH GUIDE|日本武道館 (nipponbudokan.or.jp). Accessed 11 May 2021.

“合気道について” International Aikido Federation (IAF), 合気道について | 公益財団法人合気会 (aikikai.or.jp). Accessed 11 May 2021.

植田一三, 上田敏子. A Complete Guide to Japanese Culture and Scenic Spots in English. Japan, 2009. GOKEN, https://www.goken-net.co.jp/goken_sample/189.pdf.

“なぎなたの見方” (公財) 全日本なぎなた連盟, Web Translator (translatetheweb.com). Accessed 11 May 2021.

*All images in the blog are came from いらすとや (irasuto-ya) which provides variety of pictures without costs created by Japanese illustrator called Mifune, Takashi-san (みふね たかし さん).

What Has Sophia Been Listening To? #1

こんにちはみなさん!

Hello everyone! I’m Sophia and I’d like to welcome you to the first edition of What Has Sophia Been Listening To? In this series, I’ll introduce a Japanese artist or band that I enjoy. My taste in music ranges from heavy metal to pop so be ready for many different styles of music!

For the first edition of What Has Sophia Been Listening To? I want to introduce the first Japanese group that I got into, Babymetal. Babymetal as a Japanese kawaii metal band who’s been around since 2010. Originally they were a group of three members; Su-Metal, Moametal, and Yuimetal. They released two albums as this trio, the first being a self-titled album* Babymetal and the second being Metal Resistance. I will be sharing my top two songs from each album (trust me, it’s hard choosing just two from each to share).

*Note- A self-titled album is when the album shares the same name as the band/artist

The first song comes from Babymetal, and is titled ヘドバンギャー!!or Headbangeeeeerrrrr!!!!!!! in English. This is the twelfth song on the self titled album and it is probably my favorite on the album. Compared to some other songs on the album, it showcases the more metal side of the band. It’s a great introduction to the metal side of the band and as the song title implies, it truly is a song you can easily headbang to.

The second song from their self titled album I’d like to introduce is ギミチョコ!! or Gimmie Chocolate!! in English. This song starts off hardcore, making you think it’ll be more of a metal song, but then the chorus starts and you get a more pop style of song.

Onto the second album we go! The band’s second album is titled Metal Resistance. The first song from this album I’d like to share with everyone is titled GJ! It combines the pop and metal aspects well, as well as having well placed instrumental moments to just rock out to.

The second song from Metal Resistance that I’d like to share is titled Karate. This was actually the first song by Babymetal that I had ever listened to, and I was hooked from the start. Similar to some songs on the first album, it features more of a pop tone for most of the song while the background instrumentals are more metal focused. This mix of genres blend well, and it creates a song that brings energy to the listener.

Sadly, the trio was reduced to a duo in 2019 when Yuimetal left the band. Since then, Su-Metal and Moametal have continued to work together and they released their third album back in October of 2019 titled Metal Galaxy.

Metal Galaxy is an album that really focuses on combining different styles of music, not limited to pop and metal. For instance, the song Pa Pa Ya! ft. F.Hero combines pop and rap into one song. It is one of the few songs in the band’s discography that heavily features a rap component.

The second song from this album I’d like to introduce is titled BxMxC. Technically, this song is not a part of the album since it came out about a year after the album originally came out. Despite its later release, it is still considered to be part of the album in its cover art and on official records. Unlike Pa Pa Ya! it focuses more on a mix of rap and metal, rather than rap and pop.

I have made a Spotify playlist that includes all of these songs, and will eventually hold a compilation of all songs featured on What Has Sophia Been Listening To? I hope everyone enjoys this mini-series and let me know what you think of Babymetal.